Resurrection of the Dead:
will be simultaneous both of the just and the unjust (Dan 12:2; Jhn 5:28,29; Rom 2:6-16; 2Th 1:6-10). The qualities of the resurrection body will be different from those of the body laid in the grave (1Cr 15:53,54; Phl 3:21); but its identity will nevertheless be preserved. It will still be the same body (1Cr 15:42-44) which rises again.
As to the nature of the resurrection body, (1) it will be spiritual (1Cr 15:44), i.e., a body adapted to the use of the soul in its glorified state, and to all the conditions of the heavenly state; (2) glorious, incorruptible, and powerful (54); (3) like unto the glorified body of Christ (Phl 3:21); and (4) immortal (Rev 21:4).
Christ's resurrection secures and illustrates that of his people. "(1.) Because his resurrection seals and consummates his redemptive power; and the redemption of our persons involves the redemption of our bodies (Rom 8:23). (2.) Because of our federal and vital union with Christ (1Cr 15:21,22; 1Th 4:14). (3.) Because of his Spirit which dwells in us making our bodies his members (1Cr 6:15; Rom 8:11). (4.) Because Christ by covenant is Lord both of the living and the dead (Rom 14:9). This same federal and vital union of the Christian with Christ likewise causes the resurrection of the believer to be similar to as well as consequent upon that of Christ (1Cr 15:49; Phl 3:21; 1Jo 3:2)."
- Hodge's Outlines of Theology.